Active Ingredient :
Gycosides 10%, Saponins 5% Common Name :
Sweet Flag Chemical Constituents and Components :
Main chemical constituents are asarone, alpha pinene, beta asarone, calamenol, calamene, calamenone, eugenol, methyl eugenol, calamone, azulene, sugars, glucosides, and flavones. Action :
Glycosides: 1. It increases the glutathione (GSH) content and glutathione-S-transferase GST activity in the corpus striatum. 2. It inhibits free radical scavengers and lipid peroxidation. 3. It inhibits the mitogen and antigen stimulated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells thus potentially suppress the immunesystem. 4. It stimulates sodium/potassium pump activity. Saponins: 1. It causes calcium channel blockage due to which it causes potent spasmolytic effect. 2. It promotes reduction of lipid concentrations in the serum.Curing Diseases :
1. It is useful in flatulence, colic, dyspepsia, dysentery, stomach problems and worm affection.
2. It is used in cough, bronchitis, inflammations, otalgia and calculi problems.
3. It is used in haemorrhoids, intermittent fever, skin diseases, numbness and general debility.
4. It is also used in convulsions, depression and other mental disorders.Research Information :
Crude methanolic extract of Acorus calamus
rhizomes possesses antimicrobial activity against bacteria, fungi and yeast. It shows strong effect against filamentous fungi like Trichophytum rubrum and Microsporum gypseum, moderate inhibitory effect against yeast and low against bacteria. (Ref. Phongpaichit, S. and et. al., Antimicrobial activities of crude methanol extract of Acorus calamus, Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol., 2005, 27 (2) 517-523)Possible Combinations :
Acorus calamus + ginger + wild yam (prevents flatulence)